You are not a member of this wiki.
Pages and Files
Characters and Characterization
Add "All Pages"
Characters and Characterization
Analyze characters and their characterization in your assigned chapters. Provide the necessary information and make sure you have two hyperlinks for your commentary.
Chapter 1 Story of the Door
begins with a description of Mr. Utterson. Mr. Utterson is not characterized as an exciting character. He is a man who does not have strong
and clearly is very
. However, despite his seemingly cold exterior, he is an endearing person. He is also a well respected lawyer in London. On page 1, Mr. Utterson says " I incline to Cain's heresy,...I let my brother go to the devil in his own way." This quote characterizes Mr. Utterson as a person that does not judge others for the offenses they have committed, and it was frequently his fortune to be the last reputable acquaintance and the last good influence in the lives of downgoing men. And to such as these, so long as they came about his chambers, he never marked a shade of change in his
." This quote shows that though Mr. Utterson was an upright man, but he did not disassociate himself, or treat differently those whom other highly regarded men had disengaged contact with. Another character introduced in chapter 1 is Mr. Richard Enfield, a distant relative, more specifically a cousin, of Mr. Utterson. He is characterized as being well known around town, and it seems strange to people that he spends time with Mr. Utterson because they are very different people. In addition, his hesitance when telling Mr. Utterson the "story of the door" is telling the reader that he is not a gossip, and is a quieter man who does not reveal his life to many. The virtuous attitudes of both Mr. Utterson and Mr. Enfield are portrayed when Enfield states and Utterson agrees with, "Here is another lesson to say nothing, I am ashamed of my
. Let us make a bargain never to refer to this again" (7). Their lack of repugnant comments shows the reader characters who go against the balderdash that is present in the Victorian Age. Mr. Enfield is Mr. Utterson's cousin. Mr. Enfield is described as a well known and respectable man. " Mr. Enfield, his distant kinsman, the well known man about town" (2). Within the story Enfield is describing, the character of Mr. Hyde is met. As the reader, it is learned that Hyde is "not easy to describe" (5) and has "something wrong with his appearance"(5) It is also said that My Hyde's appearance is "something down-right detestable" (7). Hyde is indescribable by the people that he encounters but they always develop an instant hatred towards him. Mr. Hyde also gives off
as people wonder what is so wrong about him. He is viewed as an exception to the general characterization of someone living in the
Hyde gives off some sort of
that brings out the cruelest inner feelings in a person. It is almost as if he can make others think thoughts as twisted as his own. The impact Hyde's appearance has on others is displayed when the doctor comes to examine the young girl who was trampled by Mr. Hyde. Mr. Enfield tells Utterson how he remembers the "
turn sick and white with a desire to kill him [Hyde]" (4). Mr. Enfield also took a disliking to Hyde from the moment he saw him. This shows how the displeasing appearance of Hyde results in a hatred towards his character, that is not fully understood. In this chapter, one also learns that Hyde was seen
a young girl, injuring her, and continuing along his way. As Enfield is telling the story he says, "Well, sir, the two ran into one another naturally enough at the corner; and then came the horrible part of the thing; for the man trampled calmly over the child's body and left her screaming on the ground" (3). This shows Mr. Hyde's brutality, cruelty, and insensitivity towards the welfare of others.
Chapter 2 Search for Mr. Hyde
In this chapter Mr. Utterson is
about Hyde, and how it will be "a face worth seeing: the face which had but to show itself to raise up, in the mind of the unimpressionable Enfield, a spirit of enduring hatred." This shows how many negative feelings the sight of Hyde evokes, even in an unemotional person like Mr. Enfield. At one point Utterson says "If he be Mr. Hyde, I shall be Mr. Seek"(12). Uttersons disgust of Hyde is so intense that he is willing to
his life to this case until a conclusion is drawn. This shows not only how horrible Hyde is and how committed Utterson is because a
hide and seek game
between Utterson and Hyde can go on for days if Hyde has a good hiding spot and does not want to be found. This desire to "find" Hyde reveals Utterson's detective like qualities. He goes to Lanyon in hopes of obtaining information about Hyde. He learns no information and this leaves him "toiling in the mere darkness and besieged by questions" (10). Through Mr. Utterson, Stevenson creates
within the novella, and suspense. The quote also shows that Mr. Utterson is an altruistic person. Mr. Utterson can sense the evil in Mr. Hyde, so he is focusing his life's work on finding Mr. Hyde in hopes to save Dr. Jekyll of Mr. Hyde. Later on, Mr. Utterson and Lanyon talk about how long both of them had been friends with Jekyll. The text says "I suppose Laynon, said he, you and I must be the two oldest friends that Henry Jekyll has"(9). This text shows how Mr. Utterson and Lanyon are both loyal friends even though Jekyll's
and appearance is changing. Dr. Lanyon is also perceived as an astute character. Utterson says, before arriving at Lanyon's house,"If anyone knows, it will be Lanyon" (7). The reader also begins to learn about Dr. Jekyll in this chapter. Dr. Lanyon states that "...it is more than ten years since Henry Jekyll became too fanciful for me. He began to go wrong,
wrong in mind
; and though of course I continue to take an interest in him for old sake's sake, as they say, I see and have seen devilish little of the man"(10). This shows that something has happened with Dr. Jekyll which has made his colleagues view him as insane. The physical characterization that Mr. Utterson shares with the reader of Mr. Hyde show that he is very different from the other people in society. Utterson portrays a sense of adversity towards Mr. Hyde. "
was a pale and
, he gave an impression of deformity without any nameable malformation, he had a displeasing smile, he had bourne himself to the lawyer with a murderous mixture of timidity and boldness, and he spoke with a husky, whispering, and somewhat broken voice" (14).
Chapter 3 Dr. Jekyll was Quite at Ease
In Chapter 3, we see how Mr. Utterson is well-liked by most and trustworthy. He is
because Dr. Jekyll is relying on him to handle and make sure everything goes smoothly when dealing with the will. This is shown when Stevenson writes, "I would trust you before any man alive, ay, before myself, if I could make the
" (18). Dr. Jekyll is described as appreciative and secretive. He is appreciative because he thanks Mr. Utterson for caring so much about his will. He is
because he would not give reasons for choosing Hyde as his heir. All that he said about this topic was "I do
take a great, a very great interest in that young man” and this showed that although Dr. Jekyll usually follows what Mr. Utterson says, he needed to do this for himself because he cared and was interested in Mr. Hyde(19). In this chapter Jekyll is also described as demanding. Jekyll insists that Hyde is a good man and does not let Utterson tell him otherwise. He does not let Utterson change anything and then demands that Utterson promise he will carry out the will; Utterson responds "I promise" (19). Utterson's "I
" came from the trust he had in Jekyll and not from his hatred for Hyde. When Mr. Utterson brings up the subject of Dr. Jekyll's will, Jekyll says "I never saw a man so distressed as you were by my will; unless it were that
, Lanyon, at what he called my scientific
" (Stevenson 17). This reveals important information about Jekyll and Lanyon. Jekyll is a scientist, and based on this sentence, one can assume that some of his experiments were
to society and some people were offended by them. Lanyon obviously has high morals because he refers to Jekyll's research as "heresies" and for this, Jekyll is "never more
in any man than Lanyon" (Stevenson 18). During this chapter we learn more about Dr. Jekyll's character. When Utterson brings up Hyde, Jekyll quickly changes the subject, showing that he is
something. He is characterized as quiet and to himself. This chapter is good evidence of that because no one would expect him to be the
of evil Mr. Hyde. This chapter shows how Dr. Jekyll can be a very jolly and easygoing person. He enjoyed talking about his
at first, a subject that most people would consider to be "distasteful"(Stevenson 17). However, when the conversation strays to Mr. Hyde, Dr. Jekyll loses that whimsical and happy air about him, and starts to become more
Chapter 4 Carew Murder Case
In this Chapter Mr. Utterson is still trying to learn about Hyde. He is
because he won't give up on Hyde. Utterson disperses to Hyde's home in which he encounters a butler/
who is at first seen as "…an ivory-faced and silvery-haired old woman…” and an "evil face, smoothed by
" (23). However although she appears to be one way she exhibits kind manners to Utterson and the detective, and informs them that Mr. Hyde is not currently at home. She says "this was Mr. Hyde's, but he was not at home". When Utterson speaks to the maid at the door of Hyde's house and explains that
Newcomen needs to see the house, Hyde's personality is further portrayed. "A flash of odious joy appeared on the woman's face. ‘Ah!' said she, 'he is in trouble! What has he done?" (Stevenson 23). She assumes correctly that the Inspector is there to collect evidence against Hyde for something, and is delighted at the thought of her master being in trouble with the law. This shows that Hyde doesn't treat his help very well, and the woman would love to watch Hyde to go to
so she doesn't have to deal with him anymore. Hyde seems to have fled in an
manner from his house since many clothes are scattered throughout his room. The reader also learns more about Hyde, along with Mr. Utterson because we see that Hyde has murdered a person and is a
man prowling free around London. We know that he is the
when the maid who watched this occur claims that the man who did it was "particularly small and particularly wicked-looking" (22). Hyde is constantly characterized as small in stature and very
looking this is how we know exactly who the murderer was. The characterization of Hyde gave it away that he was indeed the
. In this chapter the
gets a further characterization of Hyde. Up until this point in the novella, he has been representing evil, but has not done anything too horrid that the
would have to search for him and investigate. In this chapter Hyde kills a man for no reason, and one can assume that he is truly evil. Utterson now looks further into the
because he wants to know more about Hyde and who he actually is. His maid explains that he would always come and go at various times, and even disappear for months at a time. In addition, Mr. Hyde is a man who appreciates fine things. A couple of the rooms in his house are
well-furnished with many fine, luxurious, and elegant things
, like silver, carpets, and a
. He also described it as "One that cannot be
by talking." (13) Obviously he was holding a
from everyone and didn't want Utterson to know the truth about Mr. Hyde. His curiosity almost drove him mad. One night after Jekyll hosts a dinner party, Utterson asks Jekyll about Hyde. Dr. Jekyll avoided the topic and simply told Utterson that at any time he could rid himself of
. Utterson suspected blackmail, and knew that Jekyll was keeping a secret from him.
Chapter 5 Incident of the Letter
The main characters in Chapter 5 are Mr. Utterson, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Guest. In this chapter, Mr. Utterson is very concerned with the fact that his client has been murdered by Mr. Hyde. Mr. Utterson is very
with keeping up his appearances and friends; he thus decides to visit Dr. Jekyll and talk about Mr. Hyde. Dr. Jekyll gives him a letter that was written to him by Mr. Hyde. Although Dr. Jekyll claims that "the note was handed in", Mr. Utterson finds out from Poole, Dr. Jekyll's butler, that this is untrue (27). Poole tells him that "[he] was positive nothing had come except by post" (27). Mr. Utterson quickly becomes
, considering that the facts are not adding up. Knowing something is strange, Mr. Utterson begins to look for facts about Jekyll and Hyde. "...he began to cherish a longing for advice" (28). Mr. Utterson, seeking help about the case, requests that Mr. Guest, "a great student and critic of handwriting", compare Mr. Hyde's handwriting to that of Dr. Jekyll (28). They discover a multitude of similarities between them and Mr. Utterson wonders if "Jekyll [forged] for a murderer!" (30); in other words, he believes that Dr, Jekyll is a
. Despite these facts, he decides not to report his suspicions so that he can save Dr. Jekyll's reputation and respect in society.`` Also due to his
of the urban terror happening with in London during the
, and with his
of keeping up appearances, Mr. Utterson does not want to believe that Dr. Jekyll is evil and terrible. Therefore, Utterson does not realize that even people who are understanding, could contain an evil side. This realization shows the duality of man which is a major theme in this story. During chapter five, we discover more about Dr. Jekyll and his personality. He is a very private and
person. He refuses to tell Utterson, who has been one of his best friends for years, what is going on with him and Mr. Hyde. He even '[swears] to God [he] will never set eyes on him again.' This is a blatant lie because Jekyll and Hyde are much closer than Utterson realizes at this point. Characterization of the majority at whole is also apparent in this chapter. When Mr. Utterson decides not to tell anybody, purely to save Jekyll's reputation, this shows how all people of the
where very, and maybe at some times, too concerned with what people think of them and their reputation. Stevenson is making a statement about his time period, saying that maybe its not always best to be so self-involved, and maybe look at the
Chapter 6 Remarkable Incident of Dr. Lanyon
Chapter Six begins with the narrator telling the reader that "Mr. Hyde had disappeared out of the ken of the police as though he had never existed" (31). This has an amazing affect on Dr. Jekyll. Who returns to what we are told is his former self. He once again becomes outgoing, friendly, and social. He throws dinner parties and entertains often. Unfortunately, this change in his personality does not remain for long. He returns to a life of seclusion and isolation two months later. However, Mr. Utterson still acts
. Yet, he is also concerned with his friend, Dr. Lanyon. Dr. Lanyon, in this chapter is very ill, as is Dr. Jekyll. Also, Mr. Utterson is very determined to find out why Dr. Lanyon and Dr. Jekyll are in a
. "A great deal of curiosity came on to the trustee to... dive at once to the bottom of these mysteries" (34). Also In this chapter there is a change in Dr. Lanyon's character. It is when Mr. Utterson visits his house and remarks on Dr.Lanyon's looks that we learn of Dr. Lanyon's change in character. Dr. Lanyon had told him "I have had a shock...and i shall never recover. It is a question of weeks. Well, life has been pleasant; I liked it; yes, sir, I used to like it. I sometimes think if we knew all, we should be more glad to get away." (32) This shows his change from a pursuer of knowledge to some one who has seen unspeakable things and would rather die then live with those experiences, " Some day, Utterson, after I am dead, you may perhaps come to learn the right and wrong of this. I cannot tell you...but if you cannot keep clear of this
topic, then in God's name, go, for I cannot bear it."(33). Dr. Jekyll changes in this chapter also. After the disappearance of Mr. Hyde, he becomes more sociable, happy, and healthy. Then Mr. Utterson goes to visit the doctor, however a couple days later, he becomes depressed and he does not let anyone in his house, which shows a dramatic change in character from earlier in the chapter. "The doctor was confined to the house," Poole said, "and saw no one" (22). This demonstrates how worried Poole is for his boss.
Also, we get some more of Mr. Utterson's characterization at the end of this chapter. When he opens the letter that Dr. Lanyon gave him, there was another letter inside of it that said "not to be opened till the death or disappearence of Dr. Henry Jekyll" (34). Utterson could have given into his curiosity and open the letter, but he didn't because he felt an obligation to his dead friend not obey what the letter had said. This shows Utterson's
l during a time of great mystery. Most people in that situation would of given into their curiosity and looked at the letter, but he kept his composure and did as he was told.
Chapter 7 Incident at the Window
In Chapter 7, the two main characters that are described in depth by Stevenson are Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Enfield. Jekyll is conveyed as frantic,
, and even
. This can be interpreted when Jekyll erratically rushes away from the window in fear and despair. Likewise in the previous chapters, while Dr. Jekyll
with people (in this case Utterson and Enfield), Hyde is
and is a man of few words. He "answered never a word" and usually has his head down (14). Another character, whom is explained more in this chapter is, Mr. Enfield can be described as
, yet naive when he states that Hyde would never show his face in
Chapter 8 The Last Night
In this chapter, the two main characters that are described in depth by Stevenson are Poole and Utterson. Both Poole and Utterson can be described as concerned for Jekyll's well-being, and observant for being able to figure out that the voice from the laboratory was not Jekyll's and that the handwriting and word choice in Jekyll's note seemed unlike him. Also, Poole can be described as very
to Dr. Jekyll because Poole went around to every drugstore and chemist in London looking for this specific substance that Dr. Jekyll specifically requested and needed and he did not
upon Dr. Jekyll regardless of his thoughts on what was happening in the
at least until Utterson arrived. Utterson and Poole show their strong concerns when finally decide to violate Dr. Jekylls requests to stay away from the lab and brake down their door to be able to finally get to the bottom of Jekyll's strange behavior or perhaps tot catch Jekyll's
. Their concern for the well being of Dr. Jekyll is depicted when they believed that "there's been foul play," so they want to protect Dr. Jekyll from whatever is hurting him (27). As Utterson approaches the situation, he notices that the servants are huddled together and is displeased by their feelings of
. Utterson says to them, "Very irregular, very unseemling; your master would be far from pleased", which displays Utterson's concern for social hierarchy and how even in times of great desperation the values of Victorian era are still encouraged and remembered(40). Together, Utterson and Poole knock down the heavy door to find no one other then the repulsive Mr. Hyde already
on the floor wearing Jekyll's clothes that were "too
for him, clothes of the doctor's bigness" (33), which helps the reader understand what has happened between Hyde and Jekyll and their transformations.
Chapter 9 Dr. Lanyon's Narrative
Dr. Lanyon is a loyal friend, and although he and Dr. Jekyll disagreed on their careers, he still went out of his way for Jekyll. Dr. Lanyon is portrayed as such when he goes to Dr. Jekyll's house to take the drawer that he asked him to get. This point is shown in the quote "I felt bound to do as he requested" (53). Lanyon and Jekyll are foil characters; Dr. Lanyon is scientific while Dr. Jekyll is mystical. In chapter 9, Dr. Lanyon learns that Mr. Hyde and Dr. Jekyll are one person that transform into one another by drinking a
. Upon witnessing this spectacle he screams "Oh God!" and turns pail. Afterward, he does not speak to Dr Jekyll any more. Mr. Hyde represents an evil and
man, while Dr. Jekyll represents a kind and generous man. The truth is revealed when Dr. Lanyon, whom is not only a life long friend to Dr. Jekyll but a well known and reputable doctor is a witness of the unexpected and supernatural experience of Mr. Hyde's transformation into Dr. Jekyll right in front of his own eyes. In Dr. Lanyon's narrative insight is given as to why Stevenson chose the name Jekyll for the well-respected scientist. A
is an animal similar to a domestic canine that lives alone, in packs, or in pairs. These dynamic choices of lifestyles are similar to Jekyll's. He remains alone often, but occasionally spends time with friends or his servants. Mr. Hyde's name comes from "
" because he refuses to reveal his identity. In this chapter, Dr. Lanyon can only see Mr. Hyde at the stroke of
, in a locked room. Dr. Lanyon being of such high and respected stature becomes overwhelmed and disturbed to know that two men that are such polar opposites such as Jekyll and Hyde could be the same person. Dr. Jekyll who is also a reputable doctor and scientist is also a man who has a cruel,
, and grim part of him.
Chapter 10 Henry Jekyll's Full Statement of the Case
Dr. Jekyll's character is further explained in chapter 10. Dr. Jekyll grew up with a good reputation and was a
"nice guy with an evil side"
. His nice side constantly felt
about his evil side. He dreamed to one day separate these parts of his personality and his dreams came true when he invented the potion. Dr.Jekyll is mystical and not a rational scientist. After splitting his personality he successfully releases Mr Hyde. Mr. Hyde, which sounds like "
", is able to express all of Dr. Jekyll's desires that would otherwise be frowned upon in this Victorian society. This includes the murder of a man named Carew, the trampling of a girl, and his reckless disregard for other human life. Eventually, Jekyll is no longer able to control his transformations and becomes Hyde by default. Jekyll does not use the potion for a spell of two months, but the takes it again and his evil side starts to become stronger and harder to control, eventually leading to his death. Nonetheless, Dr.Jekyll should be admired for the mere fact that he had
to separate his evil and sides of him, "To cast in my lot with Jekyll, was to die to those appetites which I had long secretly indulged and had of late begun to pamper. To cast it in with Hyde, was to die to a thousand interests and aspirations..." (69-70). Dr. Jekyll made the right decision and chose the better part, “Yes, I preferred the elderly and discontented doctor, surrounded by friends and cherishing honest hopes…” (70). Although choosing this part did not succeed after he began to become Hyde normally.
Dr. Jekyll should also be admired for trying a new revolutionary experiment that most scientists like Layon would never attempt.
help on how to format text
Turn off "Getting Started"